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Energetic coupling between native-state prolyl isomerization and conformational protein folding

Title data

Jakob, Roman P. ; Schmid, Franz X.:
Energetic coupling between native-state prolyl isomerization and conformational protein folding.
In: Journal of Molecular Biology. Vol. 377 (11 April 2008) Issue 5 . - pp. 1560-1575.
ISSN 0022-2836
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2008.02.010

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Abstract in another language

In folded proteins, prolyl peptide bonds are usually thought to be either trans or cis because only one of the isomers can be accommodated in the native folded protein. For the N-terminal domain of the gene-3 protein of the filamentous phage fd (N2 domain), Pro161 resides at the tip of a beta hairpin and was found to be cis in the crystal structure of this protein. Here we show that Pro161 exists in both the cis and the trans conformations in the folded form of the N2 domain. We investigated how conformational folding and prolyl isomerization are coupled in the unfolding and refolding of N2 domain. A combination of single-mixing and double-mixing unfolding and refolding experiments showed that, in unfolded N2 domain, 7% of the molecules contain a cis-Pro161 and 93% of the molecules contain a trans-Pro161. During refolding, the fraction of molecules with a cis-Pro161 increases to 85%. This implies that 10.3 kJ mol(-1) of the folding free energy was used to drive this 75-fold change in the Pro161 cis/trans equilibrium constant during folding. The stabilities of the forms with the cis and the trans isomers of Pro161 and their folding kinetics could be determined separately because their conformational folding is much faster than the prolyl isomerization reactions in the native and the unfolded proteins. The energetic coupling between conformational folding and Pro161 isomerization is already fully established in the transition state of folding, and the two isomeric forms are thus truly native forms. The folding kinetics are well described by a four-species box model, in which the N2 molecules with either isomer of Pro161 can fold to the native state and in which cis/trans isomerization occurs in both the unfolded and the folded proteins.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 18325533
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 09:21
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 15:24
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/10623