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The mechanism of folding of pancreatic ribonucleases is independent of the presence of covalently linked carbohydrate

Title data

Grafl, Reinhard ; Lang, Kurt ; Vogl, H. ; Schmid, Franz X.:
The mechanism of folding of pancreatic ribonucleases is independent of the presence of covalently linked carbohydrate.
In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol. 262 (5 August 1987) Issue 22 . - pp. 10624-10629.
ISSN 1083-351X

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Abstract in another language

The role of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides for the mechanism of protein folding was investigated. We compared the stability and folding kinetics for two sets of pancreatic ribonucleases (RNases) with identical amino acid sequences and differences in glycosylation. First the folding of RNases A (carbohydrate free) and B (a single N-linked oligosaccharide) from bovine pancreas was investigated. The kinetics of refolding were identical under a wide range of conditions. The rate of unfolding by guanidinium chloride was decreased in RNase B. In further experiments the folding of porcine RNase (three carbohydrate chains at Asn-21, -34, and -76) was compared with the corresponding data for the deglycosylated protein. Even for this RNase with almost 40% carbohydrate content the mechanism of refolding is independent of glycosylation. Although the folding mechanism is conserved, the rates of individual steps in folding are decreased about 2-fold upon deglycosylation. We interpret this to originate from a slight destabilization of folding intermediates by carbohydrate depletion. In control experiments with nonglycosylated bovine RNase A it was ascertained that treatment with HF (as used for deglycosylation) did not affect the folding kinetics. The in vitro folding mechanism of glycosylated RNases apparently does not depend on the presence of N-linked oligosaccharide chains. The information for the folding of glycoproteins is contained exclusively in the protein moiety, i.e. in the amino acid sequence. Carbohydrate chains are attached at chain positions which remain solvent exposed. This ensures that the presence of oligosaccharides does not interfere with correct folding of the polypeptide chain.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 3611084
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 12:36
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2015 12:36
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11232