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Stability of recombinant Lys25-ribonuclease T1

Title data

Kiefhaber, Thomas ; Schmid, Franz X. ; Renner, Michael ; Hinz, Hans J. ; Hahn, Ulrich ; Quaas, Rainer:
Stability of recombinant Lys25-ribonuclease T1.
In: Biochemistry. Vol. 29 (11 September 1990) Issue 36 . - pp. 8250-8257.
ISSN 0006-2960
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi00488a008

Abstract in another language

The conformational stability of recombinant Lys25-ribonuclease T1 has been determined by differential scanning microcalorimetry (DSC), UV-monitored thermal denaturation measurements, and isothermal Gdn.HCl unfolding studies. Although rather different extrapolation procedures are involved in calculating the Gibbs free energy of stabilization, there is fair agreement between the delta G degrees values derived from the three different experimental techniques at pH 5, theta = 25 degrees C: DSC, 46.6 +/- 2.1 kJ/mol; UV melting curves, 48.7 +/- 5 kJ/mol; Gdn.HCl transition curves, 40.8 +/- 1.5 kJ/mol. Thermal unfolding of the enzyme is a reversible process, and the ratio of the van't Hoff and calorimetric enthalpy, delta HvH/delta Hcal, is 0.97 +/- 0.06. This result strongly suggests that the unfolding equilibrium of Lys25-ribonuclease T1 is adequately described by a simple two-state model. Upon unfolding the heat capacity increases by delta Cp degrees = 5.1 +/- 0.5 kJ/(mol.K). Similar values have been found for the unfolding of other small proteins. Surprisingly, this denaturational heat capacity change practically vanishes in the presence of moderate NaCl concentrations. The molecular origin of this effect is not clear; it is not observed to the same extent in the unfolding of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A, which was employed in control experiments. NaCl stabilizes Lys25-ribonuclease T1. The transition temperature varies with NaCl activity in a manner that suggests two limiting binding equilibria to be operative. Below approximately 0.2 M NaCl activity unfolding is associated with dissociation of about one ion, whereas above that concentration about four ions are released in the unfolding reaction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 2123715
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 08:28
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 08:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/13297