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Cis proline mutants of ribonuclease A. II. Elimination of the slow-folding forms by mutation

Title data

Schultz, David A. ; Schmid, Franz X. ; Baldwin, Robert L.:
Cis proline mutants of ribonuclease A. II. Elimination of the slow-folding forms by mutation.
In: Protein Science. Vol. 1 (July 1992) Issue 7 . - pp. 917-924.
ISSN 1469-896X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.5560010710

Abstract in another language

Ribonuclease A is known to form an equilibrium mixture of fast-folding (UF) and slow-folding (US) species. Rapid unfolding to UF is then followed by a reaction in the unfolded state, which produces a mixture of UF, USII, USI, and possibly also minor populations of other US species. The two cis proline residues, P93 and P114, are logical candidates for producing the major US species after unfolding, by slow cis <==> trans isomerization. Much work has been done in the past on testing this proposal, but the results have been controversial. Site-directed mutagenesis is used here. Four single mutants, P93A, P93S, P114A, and P114G, and also the double mutant P93A, P114G have been made and tested for the formation of US species after unfolding. The single mutants P114G and P114A still show slow isomerization reactions after unfolding that produce US species; thus, Pro 114 is not required for the formation of at least one of the major US species of ribonuclease A. Both the refolding kinetics and the isomerization kinetics after unfolding of the Pro 93 single mutants are unexpectedly complex, possibly because the substituted amino acid forms a cis peptide bond, which should undergo cis --> trans isomerization after unfolding. The kinetics of peptide bond isomerization are not understood at present and the Pro 93 single mutants cannot be used yet to investigate the role of Pro 93 in forming the US species of ribonuclease A. The double mutant P93A, P114G shows single exponential kinetics measured by CD, and it shows no evidence of isomerization after unfolding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 241393
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 13 May 2015 10:04
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2016 08:55
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/13445