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A kinetic analysis of the folding of human carbonic anhydrase II and its catalysis by cyclophilin

Title data

Kern, Gunther ; Kern, Dorothee ; Schmid, Franz X. ; Fischer, Gunter:
A kinetic analysis of the folding of human carbonic anhydrase II and its catalysis by cyclophilin.
In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol. 270 (13 January 1995) Issue 2 . - pp. 740-745.
ISSN 1083-351X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.270.2.740

Abstract in another language

The kinetics of unfolding and refolding of human carbonic anhydrase II (HCAII) and its catalysis by the peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans-isomerase cyclophilin were investigated. HCAII contains 15 trans- and 2 cis-prolyl peptide bonds, and, when long-term denatured, virtually all unfolded molecules contain non-native prolyl isomers. In unfolding these molecules (Us) are produced slowly in a biphasic process reflecting the isomerization of several trans-prolines and of one cis-proline. In refolding, the rapid formation of an intermediate of the molten globule type is followed by several slow prolyl isomerizations, which determine the rate of reactivation. By a short 10-s incubation in 5.0 M guanidinium chloride at 2 degrees C, unfolded HCAII species with all prolines still in the native conformation (Uf) could be produced. Surprisingly, only a fraction of Uf refolds rapidly, but the other molecules refold slowly. Evidently, some prolyl peptide bonds isomerize early in refolding, at the stage of the molten globule and as a consequence, molecules with incorrect prolyl isomers are formed in competition with the productive folding of Uf. This fraction of slow-folding molecules is strongly increased when cyclophilin is present, because it accelerates the formation of non-native prolyl isomers as long as the molecules remain in the molten globule state. Later cyclophilin catalyzes the isomerization of these prolyl peptide bonds toward the native state, which are stabilized in their conformation by further folding to the native state. This catalysis is very efficient, because only prolines that are accessible in the molten globule are involved in this sequence of isomerization and reisomerization.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: PubMed-ID: 7822304
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Professorship Biochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Schmid
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professorship Biochemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 07:35
Last Modified: 15 May 2015 09:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/13474