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Chiral metal-dithiolene/viologen ion pairs : synthesis and electrical conductivity

Title data

Kisch, Horst ; Eisen, Bernhard ; Dinnebier, Robert E. ; Shankland, Kenneth ; David, William I. F. ; Knoch, Falk:
Chiral metal-dithiolene/viologen ion pairs : synthesis and electrical conductivity.
In: Chemistry : a European Journal. Vol. 7 (2001) Issue 3 . - pp. 738-748.
ISSN 1521-3765
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20010202)7:3<738::AID-CHEM738>3.0.CO;2-6

Abstract in another language

Enantiomerically pure dithiolene complexes NBu4[Ni[(R,R)-diotte)2] and NBu4[Ni((S,S)-diotte]2] (diotte2- = a 1,3-dioxolane-tetrathiaethylene), were prepared from the corresponding enantiomers of a diotte2- precursor. The structure of the precursor was solved by single-crystal X-ray analysis; desulfurization afforded a novel tetrathiafulvalene derivative. Combination of the complex monoanion with the enantiomers of the viologen derivative bis(2-methyl-3-hydroxypropyl)-4,4'-dipyridinium (HiBV2+) afforded enantiomeric and diastereomeric ion-pair complexes of the type HiBV[Ni(diotte)2]2. For comparison, the analogous compounds A[Ni(diotte)2]2, (A2+ = methyl (MV2+), octyl (OV2-), stearyl (StV2+) viologen or two 2,2'-bipyridinium acceptors), HiBV-[Ni(diotte)L] [L = mnt2- (maleonitrile-1,2-dithiolate), dmit2- (2-thioxo-1,3-dithiol-4,5-dithiolate)], MV[Ni(dmit)2)]2, [Ni(diotte)2], and [Ni(diotte)(dmit)] were synthesized. An X-ray powder diffraction structural analysis of MV-[Ni(dmit)2)]2 revealed the presence of mixed stacks that contain the sequence anion-anion-cation. While no short contacts are observable within a stack, these are observed between the stacks for the dication-anion interaction by short S...H distances in the range of 2.77 to 2.86 A, and for the anion-anion interaction short S...S distances of 3.55 to 3.65 A. In agreement with the absence of intrastack interactions, no ion-pair charge-transfer band can be detected in this and the other complexes. ESR and UV/Vis data suggest that in [Ni(diotte)2]- electron delocalization is less pronounced than in the corresponding mnt2- and dmit2- complexes. The specific electrical conductivity (sigma) of pressed powder pellets ranges from 10(-2) to 10(-12) ohm(-1) cm(-1) and in all cases increases with increasing temperature (293 - 393 K) according to an Arrhenius law. Corresponding activation energies vary from 0.14 to 0.93 eV and increase linearly with log a for structurally similar ion pairs. Charge generation is postulated to occur by disproportionation of the monoanion as suggested by the almost linear increase of log(sigma) with decreasing disproportionation energy. The conductivity of diastereomers of ions with two unlike configurations like [(S,S)-HiBV]-[Ni[(R,R)-diotte]2]2 (1.1 x 10(-1) ohm(-1) cm(-1)) is one to two orders of magnitude higher as compared to the diastereomers with two like-configured ions.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Group Material Sciences > Chair Crystallography
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Group Material Sciences
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 09:55
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2016 09:55
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/31968