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"Balladur Visa" or "Visa of Death"? Questioning 'Migration' to Europe via the Comoros Archipelago

Title data

Tchokothe, Rémi Armand:
"Balladur Visa" or "Visa of Death"? Questioning 'Migration' to Europe via the Comoros Archipelago.
In: Journal of Identity and Migration Studies. Vol. 12 (25 November 2018) Issue 2 . - pp. 60-80.
ISSN 1843-5610

Official URL: Volltext

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Abstract in another language

This article throws light on migration from Africa to Europe which happens on African soil. The Comoros Archipelago comprises Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mohéli and Mayotte, which has been part of France since 1975, and since January 1st 2014, an ultra-peripheral region of the European Union. This explains measures like the introduction, in 1995, of the Balladur Visa, which is commonly called “Visa de la mort” [Visa of Death] for inhabitants of the other three Islands. The privileged status of Mayotte has caused massive risky ‘migration’, which on the one hand is considered ‘illegal’ while on the other hand, is also regarded as 'internal' movement, given the historical ties among the peoples of the Archipelago.
Constructing an argument from the works of two 'francographe' writers; Nassur Attoumani from Mayotte, and Soeuf Elbadawi from the Grande Comore; this paper challenges discourses on migration crisis and creates a venue for the visibility of critical texts by authors outside the main circuits of literary legitimation. Also, the analysis explores fertile points of dialogue between the economy of literature, history and sociopolitical geography by emphasizing the ambiguous relationship between Mayotte and Europe, while delving into conjectures on critical geography in order to understand an essential human concern: identity.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Balladur visa; critical geography; the Wretched of the Sea; neocolonial balkanisation; anger writing; Nassur Attoumani; Soeuf Elbadawi; literary identity
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature
Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature > Lehrstuhl Romanische Literaturwissenschaft und Komparatistik > Lehrstuhl Romanische Literaturwissenschaft und Komparatistik - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ute Fendler
Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature > Chair African Studies II
Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature > Lehrstuhl Romanische Literaturwissenschaft und Komparatistik
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 800 Literature > 840 French and related literatures
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 15:17
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2018 15:17
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/46427