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Pressure dependence of spin canting in ammonium metal formate antiferromagnets

Title data

Collings, Ines E. ; Manna, Rudra Sekhar ; Tsirlin, Alexander A. ; Bykov, Maxim ; Bykova, Elena ; Hanfland, Michael ; Gegenwart, Philipp ; van Smaalen, Sander ; Dubrovinsky, Leonid ; Dubrovinskaia, Natalia:
Pressure dependence of spin canting in ammonium metal formate antiferromagnets.
In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. Vol. 20 (2018) Issue 37 . - pp. 24465-24476.
ISSN 1463-9084
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C8CP03761B

Project information

Project financing: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

High-pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction at ambient temperature and high-pressure SQUID measurements down to 2 K were performed up to ∼2.5 GPa on ammonium metal formates, [NH4][M(HCOO)3] where M = Mn2+, Fe2+, and Ni2+, in order to correlate structural variations to magnetic behaviour. Similar structural distortions and phase transitions were observed for all compounds, although the transition pressures varied with the size of the metal cation. The antiferromagnetic ordering in [NH4][M(HCOO)3] compounds was maintained as a function of pressure, and the magnetic ordering transition temperature changed within a few kelvins depending on the structural distortion and the metal cation involved. These compounds, in particular [NH4][Fe(HCOO)3], showed greatest sensitivity to the degree of spin canting upon compression, clearly visible from the twenty-fold increase in the low-temperature magnetisation for [NH4][Fe(HCOO)3] at 1.4 GPa, and the change from purely antiferromagnetic to weakly ferromagnetic ordering in [NH4][Mn(HCOO)3] at 1 GPa. The variation in the exchange couplings and spin canting was checked with density-functional calculations that reproduce well the increase in canted moment within [NH4][Fe(HCOO)3] upon compression, and suggest that the Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya (DM) interaction is evolving as a function of pressure. The pressure dependence of spin canting is found to be highly dependent on the metal cation, as magnetisation magnitudes did not change significantly for when M = Ni2+ or Mn2+. These results demonstrate that the overall magnetic behaviour of each phase upon compression was not only dependent on the structural distortions but also on the electronic configuration of the metal cation.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Group Material Sciences > Chair Crystallography
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2019 08:14
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2019 08:14
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/46972