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Direct effects of phosphorylation on the preferred backbone conformation of peptides : a nuclear magnetic resonance study

Title data

Tholey, Andreas ; Lindemann, Almut ; Kinzel, Volker ; Reed, Jennifer:
Direct effects of phosphorylation on the preferred backbone conformation of peptides : a nuclear magnetic resonance study.
In: Biophysical Journal. Vol. 76 (January 1999) Issue 1 . - pp. 76-87.
ISSN 1542-0086
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(99)77179-1

Abstract in another language

Control of protein activity by phosphorylation appears to work principally by inducing conformational change, but the mechanisms so far reported are dependent on the structural context in which phosphorylation occurs. As the activity of many small peptides is also regulated by phosphorylation, we decided to investigate possible direct consequences of this on the preferred backbone conformation. We have performed 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments with short model peptides of the pattern Gly-Ser-Xaa-Ser, where Xaa represents Ser, Thr, or Tyr in either phosphorylated or unphosphorylated form and with either free or blocked amino and carboxy termini. The chemical shifts of amide protons and the 3JNH-Halpha coupling constants were estimated from one-dimensional and two-dimensional scalar correlated spectroscopy (COSY) spectra at different pH values. The results clearly indicate a direct structural effect of serine and threonine phosphorylation on the preferred backbone dihedrals independent of the presence of charged groups in the surrounding sequence. Tyrosine phosphorylation does not induce such a charge-independent effect. Additionally, experiments with p-fluoro- and p-nitro-phenylalanine-containing peptides showed that the mere presence of an electronegative group on the aromatic ring of tyrosine does not produce direct structural effects. In the case of serine and threonine phosphorylation a strong dependence of the conformational shift on the protonation level of the phosphoryl group could be observed, showing that phosphorylation induces the strongest effect in its dianionic, i.e., physiological, form. The data reveal a hitherto unknown mechanism that may be added to the repertoire of conformational control of peptides and proteins by phosphorylation.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Chair Biopolymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Paul Rösch
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2019 06:45
Last Modified: 16 May 2019 05:37
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/47003