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Genome-Wide Identification of Essential and Auxiliary Gene Sets for Magnetosome Biosynthesis in Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense

Title data

Silva, Karen T. ; Schüler, Margarete ; Mickoleit, Frank ; Zwiener, Theresa ; Müller, Frank D. ; Awal, Ram Prasad ; Weig, Alfons ; Brachmann, Andreas ; Uebe, René ; Schüler, Dirk:
Genome-Wide Identification of Essential and Auxiliary Gene Sets for Magnetosome Biosynthesis in Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense.
In: mSystems. Vol. 5 (November 2020) . - No. e00565-20.
ISSN 2379-5077
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00565-20

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ERC Advanced Grant Brazilian Governmental Organization CNPq

Abstract in another language

Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) stand out by their ability to manufacture membrane-enclosed magnetic organelles, so-called magnetosomes. Previously, it has been assumed that a genomic region of approximately 100 kbp, the magnetosome island (MAI), harbors all genetic determinants required for this intricate biosynthesis process. Recent evidence, however, argues for the involvement of additional auxiliary genes that have not been identified yet. In the present study, we set out to delineate the full gene complement required for magnetosome production in the alphaproteobacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense using a systematic genome-wide transposon mutagenesis approach. By an optimized procedure, a Tn5 insertion library of 80,000 clones was generated and screened, yielding close to 200 insertants with mild to severe impairment of magnetosome biosynthesis. Approximately 50% of all Tn5 insertion sites mapped within the MAI, mostly leading to a nonmagnetic phenotype. In contrast, in the majority of weakly magnetic Tn5 insertion mutants, genes outside the MAI were affected, which typically caused lower numbers of magnetite crystals with partly aberrant morphology, occasionally combined with deviant intracellular localization. While some of the Tn5-struck genes outside the MAI belong to pathways that have been linked to magnetosome formation before (e.g., aerobic and anaerobic respiration), the majority of affected genes are involved in so far unsuspected cellular processes, such as sulfate assimilation, oxidative protein folding, and cytochrome c maturation, or are altogether of unknown function. We also found that signal transduction and redox functions are enriched in the set of Tn5 hits outside the MAI, suggesting that such processes are particularly important in support of magnetosome biosynthesis.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Magnetosome biosynthesis; Microbial genetics; Transposon mutagenesis
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Microbiology > Chair Microbiology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dirk Schüler
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Microbiology
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2020 10:53
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2021 08:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/60048