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Optical Pushing : A Tool for Parallelized Biomolecule Manipulation

Title data

Sitters, Gerrit ; Laurens, Niels ; de Rijk, Emile ; Kress, Holger ; Peterman, Erwin J. G. ; Wuite, Gijs J. L.:
Optical Pushing : A Tool for Parallelized Biomolecule Manipulation.
In: Biophysical Journal. Vol. 110 (5 January 2016) Issue 1 . - pp. 44-50.
ISSN 1542-0086
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2015.11.028

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

The ability to measure and manipulate single molecules has greatly advanced the field of biophysics. Yet, the addition of more single-molecule tools that enable one to measure in a parallel fashion is important to diversify the questions that can be addressed. Here we present optical pushing (OP), a single-molecule technique that is used to exert forces on many individual biomolecules tethered to microspheres using a single collimated laser beam. Forces ranging from a few femtoNewtons to several picoNewtons can be applied with a submillisecond response time. To determine forces exerted on the tethered particles by the laser, we analyzed their measured Brownian motion using, to our knowledge, a newly derived analytical model and numerical simulations. In the model, Brownian rotation of the microspheres is taken into account, which proved to be a critical component to correctly determine the applied forces. We used our OP technique to map the energy landscape of the protein-induced looping dynamics of DNA. OP can be used to apply loading rates in the range of 10−4–106 pN/s to many molecules at the same time, which makes it a tool suitable for dynamic force spectroscopy.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Professor Experimental Physics VI - Biologial Physics > Professor Experimental Physics VI - Biologial Physics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Holger Kreß
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2021 09:56
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2021 09:56
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/63456