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"Fraudonomics" : Cartooning against Structural Adjustment in Togo

Title data

Frisch, Robin:
"Fraudonomics" : Cartooning against Structural Adjustment in Togo.
In: International Review of Social History. Vol. 66 (2021) Issue S29 . - pp. 139-160.
ISSN 1469-512X

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

This article offers a sensitive reading of oppositional political cartoons in Togo in the early 1990s, during the period of structural adjustment, which was accompanied by the swift reversal of democratizing trends and the restoration of authoritarian rule. Togolese satirists perceived this moment as a moment of “fraudonomics”, thus contesting rampant corruption and clientelism in politics. They poked fun at the president, local politicians, businesspeople, and bureaucrats of the international institutions. The article begins by examining the making of satirical newspapers with a focus on the biographies of the satirists. As students, they started out on the adventure of publication with their own money and learned most of their drawing and printing techniques as work progressed. Secondly, an analysis of the readership shows that, although the satirical newspapers were a crucial element of the media in the early 1990s, it was mostly an elitist and urban phenomenon. The third section analyses the changing visual repertoire of contention through in-depth analysis of four selected caricatures.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Structural Adjustment; Cartooning; Political History; Togo
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Professor History of Africa
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 900 History and geography
900 History and geography > 960 History of Africa
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2021 11:52
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 09:38