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Systematic Enumeration of Elementary Reaction Steps in Surface Catalysis

Title data

Margraf, Johannes T. ; Reuter, Karsten:
Systematic Enumeration of Elementary Reaction Steps in Surface Catalysis.
In: ACS Omega. Vol. 4 (2019) Issue 2 . - pp. 3370-3379.
ISSN 2470-1343
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b03200

Abstract in another language

The direct synthesis of complex chemicals from simple precursors (such as syngas) is one of the main objectives of current research in heterogeneous catalysis. To rationally design catalytic materials for this purpose, it is essential to identify the critical elementary reaction steps that ultimately determine a catalyst’s activity and selectivity with respect to a desired product. Unfortunately, the number of potentially relevant elementary steps is in the thousands, even for relatively simple target species like ethanol. The challenge of identifying the critical steps is thus akin to finding the proverbial needle in a haystack. Recently, a model-reduction scheme has been proposed, which tackles this problem by prescreening the barriers of all potential reactions with computationally inexpensive approximations. Although this route appears highly promising, it raises the question of how the starting point of the model-reduction process can be determined. In this contribution, we present a systematic method for enumerating all intermediates and elementary reactions relevant to a chemical process of interest. Using this approach, we construct reaction networks for C,H,O-containing systems consisting of up to four non-hydrogen atoms (more than 1 million reactions). Importantly, the scheme goes beyond simple bond-breaking reactions and allows considering rearrangement and transfer reactions as well. The presented reaction networks thus cover the chemistry of syngas-based processes (and beyond) to an unprecedented scale.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Künstliche Intelligenz in der physiko-chemischen Materialanalytik
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Künstliche Intelligenz in der physiko-chemischen Materialanalytik > Chair Künstliche Intelligenz in der physiko-chemischen Materialanalytik - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Johannes Theo Margraf
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2023 12:20
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2023 12:20
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/87668