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Pure non-local machine-learned density functional theory for electron correlation

Title data

Margraf, Johannes T. ; Reuter, Karsten:
Pure non-local machine-learned density functional theory for electron correlation.
In: Nature Communications. Vol. 12 (2021) . - 344.
ISSN 2041-1723
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20471-y

Abstract in another language

Density-functional theory (DFT) is a rigorous and (in principle) exact framework for the description of the ground state properties of atoms, molecules and solids based on their electron density. While computationally efficient density-functional approximations (DFAs) have become essential tools in computational chemistry, their (semi-)local treatment of electron correlation has a number of well-known pathologies, e.g. related to electron self-interaction. Here, we present a type of machine-learning (ML) based DFA (termed Kernel Density Functional Approximation, KDFA) that is pure, non-local and transferable, and can be efficiently trained with fully quantitative reference methods. The functionals retain the mean-field computational cost of common DFAs and are shown to be applicable to non-covalent, ionic and covalent interactions, as well as across different system sizes. We demonstrate their remarkable possibilities by computing the free energy surface for the protonated water dimer at hitherto unfeasible gold-standard coupled cluster quality on a single commodity workstation.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Künstliche Intelligenz in der physiko-chemischen Materialanalytik
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Künstliche Intelligenz in der physiko-chemischen Materialanalytik > Chair Künstliche Intelligenz in der physiko-chemischen Materialanalytik - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Johannes Theo Margraf
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2023 13:24
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2023 13:24
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/87680