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Selenium enrichment, partitioning and leachability along semi-arid soils of NE Punjab, India

Title data

Paikaray, Susanta ; Peiffer, Stefan:
Selenium enrichment, partitioning and leachability along semi-arid soils of NE Punjab, India.
In: Environmental Earth Sciences. Vol. 83 (2024) . - 272.
ISSN 1866-6299
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-024-11585-3

Project information

Project financing: Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst

Abstract in another language

Selenium (Se) bioavailability is largely governed by its fractionation in soil constituents which is yet an unaddressed issue of severely seleniferous agricultural soils of NE Punjab, India. Five selective soils with Se content up to 6.2 mg kg−1 were examined to understand Se partitioning in different soil constituents and fraction of exchangeable soil Se. Its mobilization behavior under oxygenated and anaerobic conditions was also examined and role of NO3− and PO43− on it. Soil from Barwa, Nawanshahr with CT of 1.3% is found to be enriched in Se, Zn, Cr, Mn, Cu, Cr, Co, U and Th, while Ramgarh soil, Hoshiarpur with CT of 1.0% is least contaminated. Selenium leaching is favored under anoxic condition with rapid initial release, while no leaching has occurred in oxygenated condition. The presence of competitive anions, i.e., NO3− or PO43−, has facilitated slight greater Se leaching after 9 days, whereas leaching decreased continuously in normal milli-Q water reactors. Generation of CH4 is insignificant, whereas CO2 production increased with time in anoxic medium. Easy bioavailability of Se around the agricultural field is inferred from the extractability of soil Se through ligand exchange, phosphate exchange and water extraction. The hard bound soil Se, i.e., crystalline phase, organic matter and iron–manganese oxide-bound fractions are nil that further supports its easy bioavailability.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Soil selenium; Sutlej basin; Indus valley; Selenium mobility; Quaternary soil
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Hydrology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Hydrology > Chair Hydrology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Stefan Peiffer
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 14 May 2024 05:39
Last Modified: 14 May 2024 05:39
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/89553