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Two Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu 'Turkmen' Decrees in the Great Mosque of Mardin

Title data

Leube, Georg:
Two Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu 'Turkmen' Decrees in the Great Mosque of Mardin.
In: Asiatische Studien = Études Asiatiques. Vol. 77 (2023) Issue 3-4 . - pp. 717-775.
ISSN 2235-5871

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung

Abstract in another language

This contribution reconstructs and contextualizes two decrees abolishing specific imposts. Both were inscribed into the eastern entrance vestibule of the great mosque of Mardin connecting the mosque to the main market area of the town in the name of Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu ‘Turkmen’ rulers in the mid-15th century CE. As argued in this article, the decrees pertain to the immediate context of the civil revolt of Mardin against Jahāngīr Aqquyunlu in 1450 CE. Accordingly, the inscription of fiscal decrees into highly visible and institutionally protected locations of the urban fabric emerges as a crucial interface negotiating civil (dis)content and the pragmatics of rule. Together with the exceptionally dense attestation of the history of Mardin during the first half of the 15th century CE in a variety of mediums and narrative and linguistic traditions, this enables an exemplary reconstruction of subaltern and non-rulerly agency during this period of frequently changing rulers. By historicizing the fiscal ordinances decreed in both inscriptions, fiscal imposts emerge as one of the strands along which civil (dis)content could be negotiated. In addition, the continued preservation of both inscriptions attests to the resilience and stability of the ‘inscribed public sphere’ of Mardin. Accordingly, inscriptions 853 and 854 Mardin are presented as the centerpiece of an exemplary micro-study of non-rulerly agency and the pragmatics of rule in the 15th century CE pre-industrial Middle East.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Mardin; Arabic epigraphy; Qaraquyunlu; Aqquyunlu; inscribed public sphere
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature > Chair Islamic Studies > Chair Islamic Studies - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Seesemann
Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature
Faculties > Faculty of Languages and Literature > Chair Islamic Studies
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 400 Language > 490 Other languages
900 History and geography > 950 History of Asia
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2024 07:11
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2024 07:11