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Anionic polymerization of ethylene oxide in the presence of the phosphazene base (BuP4)-P-t - Kinetic investigations using in-situ FT-NIR spectroscopy and MALDI-ToF MS

Title data

Schmalz, Holger ; Lanzendörfer, Michael G. ; Abetz, Volker ; Müller, Axel H. E.:
Anionic polymerization of ethylene oxide in the presence of the phosphazene base (BuP4)-P-t - Kinetic investigations using in-situ FT-NIR spectroscopy and MALDI-ToF MS.
In: Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics. Vol. 204 (30 May 2003) Issue 8 . - pp. 1056-1071.
ISSN 1521-3935
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.200390077

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Fourier-transform near-infrared(FT-NIR) fiberoptic spectroscopy was successfully used to monitor the anionic polymerization of ethylene oxide (EO). Kinetic data are provided for the polymerization of EO with the sec-BuLi/(BuP4)-P-t initiating system under different reaction conditions. In addition, the influence of different initiators and reaction conditions on the polymerization of EO is investigated. Online monitoring using NIR spectroscopy reveals an unexpected induction period present in EO homopolymerizations as well as in the synthesis of PEO containing block copolymers with Li/(BuP4)-P-t](+) counterions. The resulting polymers are characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). A low-molecular-weight polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene oxide) (PS-b-PEO) diblock copolymer was synthesized to gain more insight into the observed induction period by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS) on samples taken during EO polymerization. The induction period is believed to be a result of different factors involved in the formation of active centers, for example, the break up of lithium alkoxide aggregates by the phosphazene base (BuP4)-P-t, and chain length effects. It depends on reaction temperature, concentration of the phosphazene base (BuP4)-P-t, as well as the structure of the initiator.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: ISI:000183607600002
Keywords: anionic polymerization; ethylene oxide; FT-NIR; kinetics (polym.); MALDI; online monitoring; phosphazene base (BuP4)-P-t
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andreas Greiner
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2015 06:01
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2018 08:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/10405