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Effects of extremely dry winter on net ecosystem carbon exchange and tree phenology at a cork oak woodland

Title data

Costa e Silva, Filipe ; Correia, Alexandra C. ; Piayda, Arndt ; Dubbert, Maren ; Rebmann, Corinna ; Cuntz, Matthias ; Werner, Christiane ; David, Jorge Soares ; Pereira, João Santos:
Effects of extremely dry winter on net ecosystem carbon exchange and tree phenology at a cork oak woodland.
In: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Vol. 204 (2015) . - pp. 48-57.
ISSN 0168-1923
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.01.017

Abstract in another language

Dry deposition of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) is known to have a phytotoxic impact on plants under photochemical smog conditions, but it may also lead to higher productivity and threaten species richness of vulnerable ecosystems in remote regions. However, underlying mechanisms or controlling factors for PAN deposition are not well understood and studies on dry deposition of PAN are limited. In this study, we investigate the impact of PAN deposition on a nutrient-poor natural grassland ecosystem situated at the edge of an urban and industrialized region in Germany. PAN mixing ratios were measured within a 3.5 months summer to early autumn period. In addition, PAN fluxes were determined with the modified Bowen ratio technique for a selected period. The evaluation of both stomatal and non-stomatal deposition pathways was used to model PAN deposition over the entire summer-autumn period. We found that air masses at the site were influenced by two contrasting pollution regimes, which lead to median diurnal PAN mixing ratios ranging between 50 and 300 ppt during unpolluted and between 200 and 600 ppt during polluted episodes. The measured PAN fluxes showed a clear diurnal cycle with maximal deposition fluxes of ~ 0.1 nmol m-2 s-1 (corresponding to a deposition velocity of 0.3 cm s-1) during daytime and a significant non-stomatal contribution was found. The ratio of PAN to ozone deposition velocities was found to be ~0.1, which is much larger than assumed by current deposition models. The modelled PAN flux over the entire period revealed that PAN deposition over an entire day was 333 µg m-2 d-1 under unpolluted and 518 µg m-2 d-1 under polluted episodes. Besides, thermochemical decomposition PAN deposition accounted for 32% under unpolluted episodes and 22% under polluted episodes of the total atmospheric PAN loss. However, the impact of PAN deposition as a nitrogen source to the nutrient-poor grassland was estimated to be only minor, under both unpolluted and polluted episodes.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER127361
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship AgroEcoSystem Research
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Professorship AgroEcoSystem Research - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Werner Pinto
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2015 06:20
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2016 13:38
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/16240