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Phytogenic Biosynthesis and Emission of Methyl Acetate

Title data

Jardine, Kolby ; Wegener, Frederik ; Abrell, Leif ; van Haren, Joost ; Werner, Christiane:
Phytogenic Biosynthesis and Emission of Methyl Acetate.
In: Plant, Cell & Environment. Vol. 37 (2014) Issue 2 . - pp. 414-424.
ISSN 1365-3040
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12164

Abstract in another language

Acetylation of plant metabolites fundamentally changes their volatility, solubility, and activity as semiochemicals. Here, we present a new technique termed dynamic 13C-pulse chasing to track the fate of C1-3 carbon atoms of pyruvate into the biosynthesis and emission of methyl acetate (MA) and CO2. 13C-labeling of MA and CO2 branch emissions respond within minutes to changes in 13C-positionally-labeled pyruvate solutions fed through the transpiration stream. Strong 13C-labeling of MA emissions occurred only under pyruvate-2-13C and pyruvate-2,3-13C feeding, but not pyruvate-1-13C feeding. In contrast, strong 13CO2 emissions were only observed under pyruvate-1-13C feeding. These results demonstrate that MA (and other volatile and non-volatile metabolites) derive from the C2,3 atoms of pyruvate while the C1 atom undergoes decarboxylation. The latter is a non-mitochondrial source of CO2 in the light generally not considered in studies of CO2 sources and sinks. Within a tropical rainforest mesocosm, we also observed atmospheric concentrations of MA up to 0.6 ppbv that tracked light and temperature conditions. Moreover, signals partially attributed to MA were observed in ambient air within and above a tropical rainforest in the Amazon. Our study highlights the potential importance of acetyl CoA biosynthesis as a source of acetate esters and CO2 to the atmosphere.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER116040
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship AgroEcoSystem Research
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Professorship AgroEcoSystem Research - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Werner Pinto
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2015 05:41
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2015 05:41
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/16961