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Soil changes induced by air pollutant deposition and their implication for forests in Central Europe

Title data

Matzner, Egbert ; Murach, Dieter:
Soil changes induced by air pollutant deposition and their implication for forests in Central Europe.
In: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. Vol. 85 (1995) Issue 1 . - pp. 63-76.
ISSN 0049-6979
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00483689

Abstract in another language

A survey of leaf and needle losses of European forests in 1993 revealed that 23% of the total forested areahad defoliation of more than 25%. The focus of this defoliation is in Central Europe, namely in Poland, Slowakia,Czech Republic, and Germany. The annual surveys of leaf losses and discoloration indicated only small changesduring the last years for the coniferous forests in Germany. However, the increasing leaf losses of oak and beechduring the last years were alarming.Evaluating the potential relation between air pollutant deposition, soil changes and forest damage, we focus hereon the recent changes in deposition and soil conditions, and their implication on tree root development and droughtsusceptability of trees.While deposition of SO42, tC and Ca 2+ in many Central European forests decreased in the last decade, input ofNH4 + and NO 3" remained high or even increased. The H + load of many forest soils today is thus still high comparedto weathering rates, but the proportion of the H + load resulting from turnover of deposited N has increased. Recenteffects of changing depositions on acid forest soils were: depletion of soil M-pools, release of formerly stored soilSO ?, accumulation of N in soil organic matter, increasing N availability to trees and decreasing concentration ofCa ~+ in the soil solution.We hypothesise that soil acidification and increased N availability will decrease the free root biomass of treesand shift the rooting zone to upper soil layers. Increased above ground growth, observed in many areas of Europe,will furthermore decrease the root/shoot ratio. This development will finally cause increased drought suseeptabilityof trees and is thus of destabilizing nature. The proposed chain of events might be overlapped by other effects of airpollutants on forest ecosystems, namely direct effects of gases on leaves, nutritional inbalances, and interactions withpests.Key words: Forest damage, soil acidity, N-saturation, acid deposition, root growth, drought

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER7121
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Chair Soil Ecology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Egbert Matzner
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2015 07:00
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2015 07:00
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/17826