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Response of enzyme activities to nitrogen addition in forest floors of different C-to-N ratios

Title data

Michel, Kerstin ; Matzner, Egbert:
Response of enzyme activities to nitrogen addition in forest floors of different C-to-N ratios.
In: Biology and Fertility of Soils. Vol. 38 (2003) Issue 2 . - pp. 102-109.
ISSN 0178-2762
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-003-0622-5

Abstract in another language

The effect of different inputs of mineral N on several enzyme activities involved in the C and N cycles was investigated using Oa material of forest floors from four Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] sites with different C-to-N ratios. The samples from each site were treated with five different concentrations of mineral N (as liquid NH4NO3). All samples were incubated aerobically for 15–20 weeks at 15°C and at field capacity. Respiration was measured weekly. At the end of the incubation period, four enzyme activities (endoglucanase, -glucosidase, polyphenol oxidase and -glucosaminidase) and microbial biomass were determined. Endoglucanase activity was increased and -glucosidase activity was decreased by N additions only in Oa material having a wide C-to-N ratio. In N-supplemented samples of low C-to-N ratio, increased polyphenol oxidase activities were often detected as a consequence of N addition. -Glucosaminidase activity responded positively to mineral N additions, particularly in Oa samples with low internal N concentration. The results of the present study indicate that the effects of N additions on enzymatic activities of organic matter in late stages of decomposition are related to the C-to-N ratio. Increasing inputs of mineral N to spruce ecosystems may especially affect C-hydrolyzing enzyme activities in soils with wide C-to-N ratio leading to an incomplete degradation of cellulose and thus reduced C availability to micro-organisms.Keywords Enzymes - Forest floor - Oa material - Nitrogen addition

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER13229
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Former Professors > Chair Soil Ecology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Egbert Matzner
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2015 06:12
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2015 06:12
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/18012