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Transport and metabolic degradation of hydrogen peroxide in Chara corallina : model calculations and measurements with the pressure probe suggest transport of H₂O₂ across water channels

Title data

Henzler, Tobias ; Steudle, Ernst:
Transport and metabolic degradation of hydrogen peroxide in Chara corallina : model calculations and measurements with the pressure probe suggest transport of H₂O₂ across water channels.
In: Journal of Experimental Botany. Vol. 51 (2000) Issue 353 . - pp. 2053-2066.
ISSN 1460-2431
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.353.2053

Abstract in another language

A mathematical model is presented that describes permeation of hydrogen peroxide across a cell membrane and the implications of solute decomposition by catalase inside the cell. The model was checked and analysed by means of a numerical calculation that raised predictions for measured osmotic pressure relaxation curves. Predictions were tested with isolated internodal cells of Chara corallina, a model system for investigating interactions between water and solute transport in plant cells. Series of biphasic osmotic pressure relaxation curves with different concentrations of H2O2 Of UP to 350 mol m(-3) are presented. A detailed description of determination of permeability (P-s) and reflection coefficients (sigma (3)) for H2O2 is given in the presence of the chemical reaction in the cell. Mean values were P-s=(3.6 +/- 1.0) 10(-6) m s(-1) and sigma (s)=(0.33+/-0.12) (+/-SD, N=6 cells). Besides transport properties, coefficients for the catalase reaction following a Michaelis-Menten type of kinetics were determined. Mean values of the Michaelis constant (k(M)) and the maximum late of decomposition (V-max) were k(M) = (85 +/- 55) mol m(-3) and v(max)=(49 +/- 40) nmol (s cell)(-1), respectively. The absolute values of P-S and sigma (s) of H2O2 indicated that hydrogen peroxide, a molecule with chemical properties close to that of water, uses water channels (aquaporins) to cross the cell membrane rapidly. When water channels were inhibited with the blocker mercuric chloride (HgCl2), the permeabilities of both water and H2O2 were substantially reduced. In fact, for the latter, it was not measurable. It is suggested that some of the water channels in Chara (and, perhaps, in other species) serve as 'peroxoporins' rather than as 'aquaporins'.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER33615
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Ecology
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2015 06:34
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 06:34
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19359