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Water channels in plants: do basic concepts of water transport change?

Title data

Steudle, Ernst ; Henzler, Tobias:
Water channels in plants: do basic concepts of water transport change?
In: Journal of Experimental Botany. Vol. 46 (1995) Issue 9 . - pp. 1067-1076.
ISSN 1460-2431
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/46.9.1067

Abstract in another language

A review and re-examination of literature data shows that highly selective water channels (aquaporins) have marked effects on the overall transport properties of the plasma membrane of plant cells. The application of the channel blocker HgCl2 (50 mu M) or of high external concentrations of permeating solutes reduced the water permeability (hydraulic conductivity, Lp) of Chara internodes down to 25% of the control, In treated cells, reflection coefficients (sigma(s)) of permeating low molecular weight organic test solutes (alcohols, amides, ketones) were markedly reduced as well, but solute permeability (permeability coefficient, P-s) remained constant. A similar relation between Lp and sigma(s) was found with untreated cells of isolated epidermis of Tradescantia virginiana. The results can not be interpreted in terms of conventional membrane models (pore or solubility membrane); for instance, the classical frictional pore model (Dainty and Ginzburg, 1963) fails to explain low sigma(s) of rapidly permeating solutes. The results fit into a model which treats the membrane as a composite structure with proteinaceous arrays (containing water channels) in parallel with lipid arrays ('composite transport model'), Test solutes predominantly pass across the lipid array which was not affected by treatments. Water, however, largely uses the water channel array which was affected, When using heavy water (HDO) as an osmotic solute, the transport pattern changed as predicted by the model, As indicated by low channel reflection coefficients of test solutes, water channels did not completely exclude small uncharged molecules and do show some permeability for the test solutes used. Low sigma(s) values of water channels are interpreted by a single-file mechanism of water and solute flow. Absolute values of transport coefficients (Lp, P-s, sigma(s)) represent mixed values to which the different membrane arrays contribute according to concepts available from irreversible thermodynamics. The patchy structure of the cell membrane results in a circulation flow of water in the membrane, The fact that water channels can be triggered by factors such as heavy metals and high concentration suggests that water transport can be regulated by opening or closing water channels. The results have consequences for our basic understanding of osmosis and water transport in plants.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER33671
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2015 06:35
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 06:35
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19411