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Assimilate export by leaves of ricinus communis l. Growing under normal and elevated carbon dioxide concentrations: the same rate during the day, a different rate at night

Title data

Grimmer, Claudia ; Komor, Ewald:
Assimilate export by leaves of ricinus communis l. Growing under normal and elevated carbon dioxide concentrations: the same rate during the day, a different rate at night.
In: Planta. Vol. 209 (1999) Issue 3 . - pp. 275-281.
ISSN 0032-0935
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s004250050633

Abstract in another language

"Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) plants were grown for 5-7 weeks in a controlled environment at 350 mu l l(-1) or 700 mu l l(-1) CO2. Carbon assimilation, assimilate deposition, dark respiration and assimilate mobilization were measured in leaves 2, 3 and 4 (counted from the base of the plant), and a balance sheet of carbon input and export was elaborated for both CO2 concentrations. Carbon dioxide assimilation was nearly constant over the illumination period, with only a slight depression occurring at the end of the day in mature source leaves, not in young source leaves, Assimilation was ca. 40% higher at 700 mu l l(-1) than at 350 mu l l(-1) CO2. The source leaves increased steadily in weight per unit area during the first 3 weeks, more at 700 mu l l(-1) than at 350 mu l l(-1) CO2. On top of an irreversible weight increase, there was a large gain in dry weight during the day, which was reversed during the night. This reversible weight gain was constant over the life time of the leaf and ca. 80% higher at 700 mu l l(-1) than at 350 yl l(-1). Most of it was due to carbohydrates. The carbon content (as a percentage) was not altered by the CO2 treatment. Respiration was 25% higher in high-CO2 plants when based on leaf area, but the same when based on dry weight. The rate of carbon export via the phloem was the same during the daytime in plants grown at 350 mu l l(-1) and 700 mu l l(-1) CO2. During the night the low-CO2 plants had only 50% of the daytime export rate, in contrast to the high-CO2 plants which maintained the high export rate. It was concluded that the phloem loading system is saturated during the daytime in both CO2 regimes, whereas during the night the assimilate supply is reduced in plants in the normal CO2 concentration. Two-thirds of the carbon exported from the leaves was permanently incorporated as plant dry matter in the residual plant parts. This ""assimilation efficiency"" was the same for both CO2 regimes. It is speculated that under 350 mu l l(-1) CO2 the growing Ricinus plant operates at sink limitation during the day and at source limitation during the night."

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER22429
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Physiology
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 09:38
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 09:38
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19708