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Concentrations and properties of dissolved organic matter in forest soils as affected by the redox regime

Titelangaben

Fiedler, Sabine ; Kalbitz, Karsten:
Concentrations and properties of dissolved organic matter in forest soils as affected by the redox regime.
In: Soil Science. Bd. 168 (2003) Heft 11 . - S. 793-801.
ISSN 0038-075X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ss.0000100471.96182.03

Abstract

Changes in concentrations and properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM) caused by oxygen deficiency are poorly understood. We estimated the influence of redox conditions on DOM dynamics in the field, sampling soil solutions at different depths of three soils (Humic and Histic Gleysol, Chromic Cambisol) along a soil catena in the cool-humidBlack Forest (Germany) over a period of 2 years. We measured dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and determined the specific absorbance at 280 nm and two humification indices derived from fluorescence spectra to describe the aromaticity and complexity of DOM. Redox potential (Eh)was monitored continuously in situ. In the forest floor, DOC concentrations ranged independent of soil organic matter content and redox regime between 40 and 60 mg C L1. DOC concentrations in all soils decreased with depth, accompanied by a decrease in DOM aromaticity and complexity. In the mineral subsoil, DOC concentrations, aromaticity, and DOM complexity were smallest in the aerobic soil (Chromic Cambisol; Eh > 500 mV) and largest in the most anaerobic soil (Histic Gleysol; Eh < 100 mV). Large DOM retention in the aerobic soil could be related to high contents of Fe oxides, highlighting their importancefor DOM adsorption. Despite significantly reduced DOM retention under anaerobic conditions, it remains relatively large because the main DOM adsorbents changed from Fe oxides under oxic conditions to clay minerals, which were about 100 times more abundant under anaerobic conditions than Fe oxides. We found indications that biodegradation ofDOM contributes more to DOM retention under anaerobic conditions, and we conclude that large DOM fluxes from anaerobic forest soils are the result of limited DOM adsorption in the subsoil rather than large DOM release from the topsoil.

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Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Zusätzliche Informationen: BAYCEER19250
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Bodenökologie
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Zentrum für Ökologie und Umweltforschung - BayCEER
Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
Eingestellt am: 09 Okt 2015 05:56
Letzte Änderung: 09 Okt 2015 05:56
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20246