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Humification indices of water-soluble fulvic acids derived from synchronous fluorescence spectra - effects of spectrometer type and concentration

Title data

Kalbitz, Karsten ; Geyer, Wolfgang:
Humification indices of water-soluble fulvic acids derived from synchronous fluorescence spectra - effects of spectrometer type and concentration.
In: Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. Vol. 164 (2001) Issue 3 . - pp. 259-265.
ISSN 1436-8730
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2624(200106)164:3<259::AID-JPLN259>3.0.CO;2-T

Abstract in another language

The high variability of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in natural systems (concentration, composition) means rapid methods are required for its characterization sothat a high number of samples can be analyzed. The objective of the present study was to quantify the effects of spectrometer type and dissolved organic carbon(DOC) concentration on the humification indices of water-soluble fulvic acids (FAs) derived from synchronous fluorescence spectra, and thus enable the broaderapplication of this method for DOM characterization. We used three standard FAs from the International Humic Substances Society, 24 water-soluble FAs isolatedfrom topsoil, groundwater and surface water in a fen area, and two different spectrometers. The wavelengths at which bands occurred were similar for all the FAs.Therefore, the differences between the spectra of the FAs studied could be described by humification indices (band ratios). The humification indices calculatedcorrelated very well between spectrometers despite small differences in the wavelengths of bands and shoulders. The absolute values of these indices deduced fromtwo spectrometers can only be directly compared if the spectra are corrected using a standard substance. Increasing DOC concentration resulted in a linear increasein humification indices with a sample specific slope. Therefore, we recommend using an uniformly low DOC concentration of about 10 mg C l(-1) for recording thespectra of samples with typically low DOC concentrations (aquatic samples, soil solutions). This value is a compromise between relatively low absorption tominimize inner filter effects and a sufficient signal-to-noise ratio.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER7489
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2015 05:56
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 05:56
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20267