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Phase partitioning of ammonium in Australian and European forest soils

Titelangaben

Smethurst, Philip J. ; Matschonat, Gunda ; Ballard, Linda M. ; Dingle, Joanne K.:
Phase partitioning of ammonium in Australian and European forest soils.
In: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. Bd. 30 (1999) Heft 13-14 . - S. 2023-2034.
ISSN 0010-3624
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629909370350

Abstract

An understanding of phase partitioning of ammonium (NH4) in soils is one of a number of parameters needed to predict the consequences of nitrogen (N) inputs from atmospheric deposition or the application of fertilizers, and for predicting NH4 uptake by roots. However, very few data are available on solid-liquid partition coefficients (Kd) for NH4. The main aims of this study were to determine and compare the Kd values for NH4 in a variety of soils and horizons from Australia and Europe. A Freundlich function was fitted to the sorption or desorption data for each sample and the Kd value calculated at three concentrations (0.001, 0.1, and 1 mM). The Australian study indicated that, although site differences in Kd values were evident at 0.1 mM, variability was too high to distinguish site effects at other concentrations, or depth and plot effects at any concentration. Depth effects were evident at one of the European sites. Despite samples of contrasting origin and different methods of measurement, there was similarity in the Kd values at 0.1 mM for most mineral soils. Organic horizons had higher Kd values at 0.1 mM (8.7-26.2 mL g-1) than most mineral soils (0.3-7.4 mL g-1), but mineral soil at one site had a particularly high Kd value (36.9 mL g-1). In common with other solutes, NH4 concentrations were well buffered at low concentrations (M), but improved precision and accuracy of NH4 measurements at low concentrations will be needed to further improve our knowledge of partitioning at these concentrations.

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Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Zusätzliche Informationen: BAYCEER7394
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Bodenökologie
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Zentrum für Ökologie und Umweltforschung - BayCEER
Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
Eingestellt am: 22 Okt 2015 07:29
Letzte Änderung: 22 Okt 2015 07:29
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20683