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Water flow paths and residence times in a small headwater catchment at Gårdsjön (Sweden) during steady state stormflow conditions

Title data

Lange, Holger ; Lischeid, Gunnar ; Hoch, Ralf ; Hauhs, Michael:
Water flow paths and residence times in a small headwater catchment at Gårdsjön (Sweden) during steady state stormflow conditions.
In: Water Resources Research. Vol. 32 (1996) Issue 6 . - pp. 1689-1698.
ISSN 1944-7973
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/96WR00501

Abstract in another language

Since April 1991 the small forested headwater catchment G1 at Gardsjön (Sweden) has been covered by a roof underneath which natural throughfall is replaced byartificial irrigation with a controlled chemical composition. Here this unique experimentalsetup was used for a tracer experiment with LiBr. The tracer pulse was applied to a subcatchment of approximately l000 m2 that was maintained at steady stateflow conditions throughout the experiment. Except these steady state flow conditions, theirrigation rates corresponded to a typical storm flow episode. Infiltration of event waterwas confined to the steep slope of a subcatchment of G1; no water was applied at the boggy valley bottom or close to the weir. An array of groundwater wells, suctionlysimeters, and surface water sampling plots was used to document the soil passage of thispulse. Breakthrough in runoff (i.e., streamflow from the weir) occurred in a single peak within about 17 hours when less than 15% of the estimated total soil water in the subcatchment was replaced, indicating a relatively small fraction of mobile water. Tracerconcentrations in groundwater wells and surface water in the catchment revealed someshallow, locally confined flow paths through the lower parts of the subcatchment.However, 4 days after application of the tracer the runoff concentration already reachedthe preevent background level for Br-. Only about 14% of the applied tracer was recovered by this time. Taking this into account, i.e., considering bromide as a nonconservative tracer, a one-dimensional model application (two-region convection dispersion approach) successfully reproduced breakthrough curves at various places in the catchment. Thus the small portion of mobile water has intensive contact with the residentimmobile water along the one-dimensional flow paths yielding an extremely long tail inthe residence time distribution by back diffusion from immobile water. Results of thisexperiment qualitatively confirm earlier tracer studies under less controlled conditions but are virtually impossible to extrapolate quantitatively to transient flow conditions.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER6792
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Ecological Modelling
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Ecological Modelling > Chair Ecological Modelling - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Michael Hauhs
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2015 07:29
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 10:05
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20756