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Interactions between Caryophyllaceae species and their pollinating fruit predators

Title data

Dötterl, Stefan ; Jürgens, Andreas ; Weißbecker, Bernhard ; Schütz, Stefan:
Interactions between Caryophyllaceae species and their pollinating fruit predators.
In: LaSalle, John ; Patten, Mathew ; Zalucki, Myron (Hrsg.): Entomology, strength in diversity : XXII International Congress of Entomology, 15 - 21 August 2004, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. - Brisbane, Australia : Carillon Conference Management for the Australian Entomological Society , 2004
ISBN 0-646-43816-6

Abstract in another language

The larvae of all noctuid Hadena species and of Sideridis rivularis feed exclusively on Caryophyllaceae species, mostly on the fruits. As shown for Hadena bicruris and its important dioecious host plant Silene latifolia, the moths reproduce within female flowers they pollinate. The moths are very specific by the choice of plants for egg deposition. Also, comparisons of pollen spectra, prepared from different museum specimens and species indicated in some cases a narrow nectar-plant spectrum of the moths. In case of H. bicruris and S. latifolia it was demonstrated that the nocturnal flower scent attracts the moths, however, nothing was known about the role of single scent compounds. We identified about 60 different floral scent volatiles, and revealed a high variability in the scent of S. latifolia. Sixteen electrophysiologically active compounds were identified using the GC-EAD method. Wind tunnel bioassays indicated that some of the EAD active compounds are very attractive for H. bicruris. Differences in the chemical composition of total-flower volatiles and pollen volatiles could be important for H. bicruris to distinguish between male and female flowers, because eggs are deposited only in female flowers.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: No
Additional notes: BAYCEER29457
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Systematics
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 07:59
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2015 07:59
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/29075