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Phylogeny of Sesuvioideae (Aizoaceae) - biogeography, leaf anatomy and the evolution of C4 photosynthesis

Title data

Bohley, Katharina ; Joos, Olga ; Hartmann, Heidrun E. K. ; Sage, Rowan F. ; Liede-Schumann, Sigrid ; Kadereit, Gudrun:
Phylogeny of Sesuvioideae (Aizoaceae) - biogeography, leaf anatomy and the evolution of C4 photosynthesis.
In: Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. Vol. 17 (2015) Issue 2 . - pp. 116-130.
ISSN 1433-8319
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2014.12.003

Abstract in another language

Sesuvioideae (Aizoaceae) form a small subfamily of drought-tolerant plants exhibiting leaf succulence, halophytic ecology, and the C4 photosynthetic pathway. Sesuvioideae are sister to the species-rich subfamilies Ruschioideae, Mesembryanthemoideae and Aizooideae that contain many CAM lineages. This close relationship of CAM and C4 taxa identifies the Sesuvioideae as an important clade to address hypotheses of photosynthetic pathway evolution. This study presents a molecular phylogeny of Sesuvioideae based on five markers (atpB-rbcL spacer, rps16 intron, trnL-trnF spacer, petB-petD spacer, ITS) and 51 accessions representing all genera and 37 species. We determined carbon isotope data of 103 samples and examined the leaf anatomy of 25 species. A RASP (Reconstruct Ancestral State in Phylogenies) analysis was used to reconstruct the ancestral biogeography of Sesuvioideae and trace its current worldwide distribution. Maximum likelihood character optimization was conducted for six traits related to photosynthetic type and leaf anatomy to characterize the evolution of leaf types in Sesuvioideae. The well-resolved molecular phylogeny revealed an African/Arabian origin of the subfamily with Tribulocarpus as sister to a clade containing Trianthema, Sesuvium, Cypselea and Zaleya. Intercontinental dispersal occurred within Trianthema (to Australia and South America) and Sesuvium/Zaleya (to Australia and North/Central America). Character optimizations favoured a single origin of C4 photosynthesis with two reversions to the C3 state, one within American Sesuvium and the other in Trianthema subgenus Trianthema. However, biochemical diversity of the C4 syndrome in Sesuvioideae might indicate multiple origins of the C4 pathway. Two C3 and four C4 anatomical types (atriplicoid, salsoloid, portulacelloid and pilosoid) are present in the subfamily, based on differences in water storage tissue, vascular bundle arrangements, and chlorenchyma structure. Ancestral state reconstruction indicates multiple losses or reduction of water storage tissue in the subfamily and frequent shifts in leaf anatomical traits.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER129676
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Systematics
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Systematics > Chair Plant Systematics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Sigrid Liede-Schumann
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 09:10
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2016 09:10
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/33503