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Four-wave-mixing theory beyond the semiconductor Bloch equations

Title data

Axt, Vollrath M. ; Stahl, Arne ; Mayer, E. J. ; Haring Bolivar, P. ; Nüsse, S. ; Ploog, K. ; Köhler, K.:
Four-wave-mixing theory beyond the semiconductor Bloch equations.
In: Physica Status Solidi B. Vol. 188 (1995) Issue 1 . - pp. 447-456.
ISSN 0370-1972
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.2221880142

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Four-wave-mixing (FWM) experiments using a dynamical density matrix model of the semiconductor band edge are discussed. Higher-order correlation functions are retained which are neglected in the commonly used RPA treatment leading to the semiconductor Bloch equations. In order to terminate the hierarchy of the equations of motion for the higher-order density matrices systematically a truncation scheme controlled by orders in the driving field is applied. For any prescribed order n in the exciting field a closed set of equations is obtained from which the dielectric response up to order n can be calculated exactly. In addition it turns out that in a coherently driven system part of the remaining density matrices become redundant and can be eliminated. Four-wave-mixing experiments are dominated by third-order contributions. Applying the above-described results one ends up with only two functions in this case. These are the excitonic and the biexcitonic transition densities. As an application of our method the example of a GaAs single quantum well is studied. Two pulses with finite lengths are assumed such that both heavy-and light-hole excitons are excited. The influence of the biexciton contribution on the polarization properties of the FWM signal is analyzed and compared with experimental results.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: four-wave-mixing; density matrix theory; semiconductors; non-linear optics; ultrafast dynamics; dynamics controlled truncation
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Chair Theoretical Physics III > Chair Theoretical Physics III - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Axt
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Chair Theoretical Physics III
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2017 08:46
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2017 08:46
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/40008