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Quantum dynamics of optical phonons generated by optical excitation of a quantum dot

Title data

Wigger, Daniel ; Gehring, Helge ; Axt, Vollrath M. ; Reiter, Doris ; Kuhn, Tilmann:
Quantum dynamics of optical phonons generated by optical excitation of a quantum dot.
In: Journal of Computational Electronics. Vol. 15 (2016) Issue 4 . - pp. 1158-1169.
ISSN 1572-8137
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10825-016-0856-8

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

The study of the fundamental properties of phonons is crucial to understand their role in applications in quantum information science, where the active use of phonons is currently highly debated. A genuine quantum phenomenon associated with the fluctuation properties of phonons is squeezing, which is achieved when the fluctuations of a certain variable drop below their respective vacuum values. We consider a semiconductor quantum dot (QD) in which the exciton is coupled to phonons. We review the fluctuation properties of the phonons, which are generated by optical manipulation of the QD, in the limiting case of ultra-short pulses. Then, we discuss the phonon properties for an excitation with finite pulses. Within a generating function formalism, we calculate the corresponding fluctuation properties of the phonons and show that phonon squeezing can be achieved by the optical manipulation of the QD exciton for certain conditions even for a single-pulse excitation where neither for short nor for long pulses squeezing occurs. To explain the occurrence of squeezing, we employ a Wigner function picture providing a detailed understanding of the induced quantum dynamics.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: quantum dots; generating functions; exact results; ultrafast dynamics; phonon squeezing; optical excitation; phonon dynamics; lattice fluctuations; Wigner function
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Chair Theoretical Physics III > Chair Theoretical Physics III - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Axt
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Chair Theoretical Physics III
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2017 12:58
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 12:58
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/40283