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The Public Health System in Germany and the U.S. – a Comparison

Title data

Schiefelbein, Verena:
The Public Health System in Germany and the U.S. – a Comparison.
In: Schmid, Andreas ; Singh, Simone (ed.): Crossing Borders - Innovation in the U.S. Health Care System. - Bayreuth : P.C.O. , 2017 . - pp. 225-246 . - (Schriften zur Gesundheitsökonomie ; 84 )
ISBN 978-3-941678-63-7

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

The main goal of public health is to prevent disease and to promote health. To reach this aim, it is important not only to focus on health education, but also implement policies. Although the American and German public health systems are structured in a similar manner (federal, state, and local-components), the American system is unique in that it is particularly fragmented, with many people uninsured and health care costs which are exceptionally high. Prevention is one of the most important aspects of public health as it not only includes measures that reduce risk factors and lower the probability of acquiring a disease, it also stops the progression of a disease or reduces the consequences of the condition once it has occurred. In order to best prevent disease, one must consider the risk factors that cause diseases. This paper focuses on three risks factors: tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption, and obesity. While Germany is burdened with a high prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption among adults, the United States faces a serious issue regarding the prevalence of obesity. Both countries have introduced various measures to reduce the prevalence of the risk factors. By curtailing the pervasiveness of risk factors, diseases and chronical diseases, especially, can be prevented thus minimizing health care costs resulting from medical treatment of such conditions.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: No
Keywords: Health Reform; Health Care; Innovation; USA; Public Health; GER
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration > Juniorprofessur Gesundheitsmanagement
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Business Administration
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2017 22:00
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2017 22:00
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/40702