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Fertility transition in Maputo : a socio-spatial analysis

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Hansine, Rogers:
Fertility transition in Maputo : a socio-spatial analysis.
2017
Veranstaltung: ECAS7 : 7th European Conference of African Studies , 29.06.- 01.07.2017 , Basel, Schweiz.
(Veranstaltungsbeitrag: Kongress/Konferenz/Symposium/Tagung , Paper )

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Projektfinanzierung: Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst

Abstract

In sub-Sahara Africa, the distinction between the dynamics of fertility rates in urban areas and fertility rates in rural areas have been the focus of the overwhelming majority of comparative studies about regional differences in fertility rates (see Shapiro & Tambashe, 1999; Shapiro & Gebreselassie, 2008; Lesthaeghe, 2014 ). However, the fertility rates within urban areas are not necessarily uniform (Weeks, Getis, Hill, Gadalla, & Rashed, 2004). According to Garenne & Joseph (2002) and Lesthaeghe (2014), African urban areas have lower fertility rates than rural areas and in urban areas, fertility rates have been declining much faster than those in rural areas. Although, the demographic data about intra-urban fertility rates in Africa appears to be scarce, through DHS (Demographic and Health Survey) data (1997, 2003 and 2011) and censuses (1997 and 2007) coupled with a literature review, this work attempts to a) investigate the association between socio-spatial differentiation and fertility disparities in Maputo city (Mozambique's capital city) and b) critically discuss the empirical and theoretical implications of engaging in an intra-urban analysis of fertility transition. The results suggest that Maputo´s spatial pattern of fertility is closely associated with socio-spatial variability of socio economic characteristics in the city. As expected, low levels of fertility rates are to be found in the most developed and urbanized district, whereas throughout the less developed districts, fertility is relatively high. This seems to be consistent with similar conclusions about fertility transition hypothesis elsewhere in Africa (see J. R. Weeks, Getis, Hill, Gadalla, & Rashed, 2004).

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Publikationsform: Veranstaltungsbeitrag (Paper)
Begutachteter Beitrag: Nein
Keywords: Fertility; Urban; Africa
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Sozial- und Bevölkerungsgeographie
Fakultäten
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 300 Sozialwissenschaften
300 Sozialwissenschaften > 300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
300 Sozialwissenschaften > 360 Soziale Probleme, Sozialdienste
900 Geschichte und Geografie > 910 Geografie, Reisen
900 Geschichte und Geografie > 960 Geschichte Afrikas
Eingestellt am: 13 Mär 2018 08:31
Letzte Änderung: 13 Mär 2018 08:31
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/42770