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Application of Amine-Functionalized Cellulose Foam for CO2 Capture and Storage in the Brewing Industry

Title data

Helmlinger, Lars ; Zhu, Yejun ; Gensel, Julia ; Neumeyer, Thomas ; Thäter, Stefan ; Strube, Franziska ; Bauer, Christoph ; Rosemann, Bernd ; Altstädt, Volker:
Application of Amine-Functionalized Cellulose Foam for CO2 Capture and Storage in the Brewing Industry.
In: Journal of Renewable Materials. Vol. 6 (1 April 2018) Issue 3 . - pp. 219-225.
ISSN 2164-6325
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634161

Official URL: Volltext

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Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Capture and Storage of Carbon dioxide (CaSCaDe): Entwicklung einer Modellanlage zur adsorptiven Rückgewinnung von CO2 in ProduktionsprozessenNo information

Project financing: Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU)

Abstract in another language

Due to a lack of technology, smaller breweries simply dump excess CO2 into the atmosphere, fueling the greenhouse effect and global warming. State-of-the-art CO2 capture technologies using nanofibrillated cellulose are expensive and require laborious freeze-drying. Consequently, there is a high demand for affordable alternatives in order to reduce the environmental impact in this industry sector. This work describes a novel route for a quick and cost-efficient synthesis of amine-functionalized cellulose pellets by a surfactant-assisted steam explosion process. Typical values with this method were porosity of 92% and density of 67 g/cm³. Investigations on polyethylenimine (PEI) content and distribution revealed a maximum PEI concentration of 20 wt% with decreasing concentration to the core of a pellet. Sufficient stability against brewery exhaust gas was determined and CO2 release at ~ 120 °C could be confirmed. Capacity tests under simulated working conditions with a novel laboratory reactor yielded a CO2 capacity of 1.0 mmol/g or 67 mol/m³, which is comparable to values known from the literature for other cellulose-based adsorbents.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: CO2 capture; carbon capture; poly(ethylenimine); cellulose; adsorption
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Technology
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Innovation and Consumer Protection
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Faculties
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 600 Technology
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2018 06:52
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2018 06:52
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/43443