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Crop diversity and stability of revenue on farms in Central Europe : an analysis of big data from a comprehensive agricultural census in Bavaria

Titelangaben

Weigel, Robert ; Koellner, Thomas ; Poppenborg, Patrick ; Bogner, Christina:
Crop diversity and stability of revenue on farms in Central Europe : an analysis of big data from a comprehensive agricultural census in Bavaria.
In: PLoS One. Bd. 13 (19 November 2018) Heft 11 . - Eintrag e0207454.
ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207454

Abstract

Diversity of agricultural landscapes is important to maintain the provision of ecosystem services. In face of decreasing support measures for agricultural markets in the European Union, diversified crop portfolios could also offer a possibility to stabilize revenue at farm level (portfolio effect). We hypothesize that (i) diversity of crop portfolios changes along spatial gradients in the study area (Bavaria, Germany), (ii) the composition of portfolios depends on farm parameters, and (iii) more diverse portfolios on arable land provide higher revenue stability. We analysed agricultural census data comprising all farms (N = 105 314) in the study area and identified 26 typical crop portfolios. We show that portfolio composition is related to farm characteristics (whole farm revenue, farm type, farm size) and location. Currently, diversification of crop portfolios fails to promote stability of portfolio revenue in the study area, where policy still indirectly influences market prices of energy crops. We conclude that the portfolio effect as a natural insurance was less important in recent years due to high market prices for specific crops. This low need for natural insurances probably favoured simplified portfolios leading to decreased agricultural diversity.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Ökologische Modellbildung
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Professur Ecological Services > Professur Ecological Services - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Köllner
Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Professur Ecological Services
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 550 Geowissenschaften, Geologie
Eingestellt am: 26 Nov 2018 15:08
Letzte Änderung: 26 Nov 2018 15:08
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/46418