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Fragmentation of the hyporheic zone due to regional groundwater circulation

Title data

Mojarrad, Brian Babak ; Riml, Joakim ; Wörman, Anders ; Laudon, Hjalmar:
Fragmentation of the hyporheic zone due to regional groundwater circulation.
In: Water Resources Research. Vol. 55 (2019) Issue 2 . - pp. 1242-1262.
ISSN 1944-7973
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR024609

Abstract in another language

By use of numerical modeling and field observations, this work quantified the effects of catchment‐scale upwelling groundwater on the hyporheic (below stream) fluxes over a wide range of spatial scales. A groundwater flow model was developed that specifically accounted for the hydrostatic and dynamic head fluctuations induced by the streambed topography. Although the magnitudes and relative importance of these streambed‐induced fluxes were found to be highly sensitive to site‐specific hydromorphological properties, we showed that streambed topographic structures exert a predominant control on the magnitude of hyporheic exchange fluxes in a Swedish boreal catchment. The magnitude of the exchange intensity evaluated at the streambed interface was found to be dominated by the streambed‐induced hydraulic head across stream order. However, the catchment‐scale groundwater flow field substantially affected the distribution of groundwater discharge points and thus decreased the fragmentation of the hyporheic zone, specifically by shifting the cumulative density function toward larger areas of coherent upwelling at the streambed interface. This work highlights the spectrum of spatial scales affecting the surface water‐groundwater exchange patterns and resolves the roles of key mechanisms in controlling the fragmentation of the hyporheic zone.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER150311
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 07:17
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 11:25
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/48092