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Unraveling the biophysical underpinnings to the success of multispecies biofilms in porous environments

Title data

Scheidweiler, David ; Peter, Hannes ; Pramateftaki, Paraskevi ; De Anna, Pietro ; Battin, Tom:
Unraveling the biophysical underpinnings to the success of multispecies biofilms in porous environments.
In: The ISME Journal. (2019) .
ISSN 1751-7362
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-019-0381-4

Abstract in another language

Biofilms regulate critical processes in porous ecosystems. However, the biophysical underpinnings of the ecological success of these biofilms are poorly understood. Combining experiments with fluidic devices, sequencing and modeling, we reveal that architectural plasticity enhances space exploitation by multispecies biofilms in porous environments. Biofilms consistently differentiated into an annular base biofilm coating the grains and into streamers protruding from the grains into the pore space. Although different flow-related processes governed the differentiation of these architectures, both BB and streamers were composed of similar bacterial assemblages. This is evidence for architectural plasticity. Architectural plasticity allowed for complementary use of the space provided by the grain–pore complexes, which increased biofilm carrying capacity at the larger scale of the porous system. This increase comes potentially at the cost of a tradeoff. Contrasting time scales of oxygen replenishment and consumption, we show that streamers locally inhibit the growth of the BB downstream from the grains. Our study provides first insights into the biophysical underpinnings to the success of multispecies biofilms in porous environments.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER150315
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 07:24
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2019 07:24
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/48103