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Effects of long-term nitrogen addition on phosphorus cycling in organic soil horizons of termperate forests

Title data

Heuck, Christine ; Smolka, Georg ; Whalen, Emily ; Frey, Serita ; Gundersen, Per ; Moldan, Filip ; Fernandez, Ivan J. ; Spohn, Marie:
Effects of long-term nitrogen addition on phosphorus cycling in organic soil horizons of termperate forests.
In: Biogeochemistry. Vol. 141 (2018) Issue 2 . - pp. 167-181.
ISSN 1573-515X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-018-0511-5

Abstract in another language

High atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition is expected to impair phosphorus (P) nutrition of temperate forest ecosystems. We examined N and P cycling in organic soil horizons of temperate forests exposed to long-term N addition in the northeastern USA and Scandinavia. We determined N and P concentrations, phosphatase activities and net N and P mineralization rates in organic soil horizons of two deciduous (Harvard Forest, Bear Brook) and two coniferous (Klosterhede, Gårdsjön) forests which had received experimental inorganic N addition between 25 and 150 kg N ha⁻¹yr⁻¹ for more than 25 years. Long-term N addition increased the activity of phosphatase (+180%) and the activity of carbon (C)- and N-acquiring enzymes (cellobiohydrolase: +70%, chitinase: +25%). Soil N enrichmentincreased the N:P ratio of organic soil horizons by up to 150%. In coniferous organic soil horizons, net N and P mineralization were small and unaffected by N addition. In deciduous organic soil horizons, net N and P mineralization rates were significantly higher than at the coniferous sites, and N addition increased net N mineralization by up to 290%. High phosphatase activities concomitant with a 40% decline in P stocks of deciduous organic soil horizons indicate increased plant P demand. In summary, projected future global increases in atmospheric N deposition may induce P limitation in deciduous forests, impairing temperate forest growth.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER148181
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology > Lehrstuhl Bodenökologie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Eva Lehndorff
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2019 11:21
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2019 11:21
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/48182