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Ancient Transcription Factors in the News

Title data

Artsimovitch, Irina ; Knauer, Stefan H.:
Ancient Transcription Factors in the News.
In: mBio. Vol. 10 (2019) Issue 1 . - No. e01547-18.
ISSN 2150-7511
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.01547-18

Abstract in another language

In every cell from bacteria to mammals, NusG-like proteins bind transcribing RNA polymerase to modulate the rate of nascent RNA synthesis and to coordinate it with numerous cotranscriptional processes that ultimately determine the transcript fate. Housekeeping NusG factors regulate expression of the bulk of the genome, whereas their highly specialized paralogs control just a few targets. In Escherichia coli, NusG stimulates silencing of horizontally acquired genes, while its paralog RfaH counters NusG action by activating a subset of these genes. Acting alone or as part of regulatory complexes, NusG factors can promote uninterrupted RNA synthesis, bring about transcription pausing or premature termination, modulate RNA processing, and facilitate translation. Recent structural and mechanistic studies of NusG homologs from all domains of life reveal molecular details of multifaceted interactions that underpin their unexpectedly diverse regulatory roles. NusG proteins share conserved binding sites on RNA polymerase and many effects on the transcription elongation complex but differ in their mechanisms of recruitment, interactions with nucleic acids and secondary partners, and regulatory outcomes. Strikingly, some can alternate between autoinhibited and activated states that possess dramatically different secondary structures to achieve exquisite target specificity.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: NusG; RfaH; antitermination; transcription; translation
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Chair Biopolymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Paul Rösch
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers > Lehrstuhl Biopolymere - Apl. Prof. Dr. Birgitta Wöhrl
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 15 May 2019 06:21
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2019 07:26
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/48935