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Artisanal copper mining and conflict at the intersection of property rights and corporate strategies in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Title data

Katz-Lavigne, Sarah:
Artisanal copper mining and conflict at the intersection of property rights and corporate strategies in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In: The Extractive Industries and Society. Vol. 6 (April 2019) Issue 2 . - pp. 399-406.
ISSN 2214-790X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2018.12.001

Project information

Project financing: Andere
This project was funded by multiple sources at Carleton University, including a Graduate Research and Innovative Thinking (GRIT) Award.

Abstract in another language

Since 2002, the mining sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been liberalised and the Congolese government has allocated many formerly state-owned mining concessions in the provinces of Haut-Katanga and Lualaba to large-scale mining (LSM) companies. This paper examines the causes of conflict at LSM sites in Haut-Katanga and Lualaba. Conflict dynamics do not fall neatly along the lines of diverging interests between artisanal miners and companies. An adapted property rights approach helps make sense of the multiple components of the property rights regime. Interviews and mine site observation from August-December 2016 and January-May 2017 revealed the existence of at least three, at times competing, parts of a plural mineral rights regime: a corporate component; an "authorised" system for artisanal extraction; and an "unauthorised" element. These components constitute a plural regime in which different claims are defined and enforced to different degrees and at different times, and provide a preliminary explanation for conflict incidence. The at times contradictory nature of these systems of extraction leads to inherent instability but also, frequently, non-conflictual encounters. The piece also discusses the distributional impact of the interaction between the different components of the mineral rights regime, and policy implications.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Artisanal mining; Conflict; Property; Rights; Democratic Republic of Congo; Large-scale mining
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies >
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > >
Faculties
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology
300 Social sciences > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
300 Social sciences > 360 Social problems, social services
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2019 07:39
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 09:52
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/52993