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Drought-Induced Stress Priming in Two Distinct Filamentous Saprotrophic Fungi

Title data

Guhr, Alexander ; Kircher, Sophia:
Drought-Induced Stress Priming in Two Distinct Filamentous Saprotrophic Fungi.
In: Microbial Ecology. Vol. 80 (2020) . - pp. 27-33.
ISSN 1432-184X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-019-01481-w

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
DFG-GU 1818/1-1No information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Sessile organisms constantly face environmental fluctuations and especially drought is a common stressor. One adaptive mechanism is “stress priming,” the ability to cope with a severe stress (“triggering”) by retaining information from a previous mild stress event (“priming”). While plants have been extensively investigated for drought-induced stress priming, no information is available for saprotrophic filamentous fungi, which are highly important for nutrient cycles. Here, we investigated the potential for drought-induced stress priming of one strain each of two ubiquitous species, Neurospora crassa and Penicillium chrysogenum. A batch experiment with 4 treatments was conducted on a sandy soil: exposure to priming and/or triggering as well as non-stressed controls. A priming stress was caused by desiccation to pF 4. The samples were then rewetted and after 1-, 7-, or 14-days of recovery triggered (pF 6). After triggering, fungal biomass, respiration, and β-glucosidase activity were quantified. P. chrysogenum showed positive stress priming effects. After 1 day of recovery, biomass as well as β-glucosidase activity and respiration were 0.5 to 5 times higher during triggering. Effects on biomass and activity decreased with prolonged recovery but lasted for 7 days and minor effects were still detectable after 14 days. Without triggering, stress priming had a temporary negative impact on biomass but this reversed after 14 days. For N. crassa, no stress priming effect was observed on the tested variables. The potential for drought-induced stress priming seems to be species specific with potentially high impact on composition and activity of fungal communities considering the expected increase of drought events.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Drought stress; Saprotrophic filamentous fungi; Stress memory; Stress priming
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Soil Ecology
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 11:26
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2020 10:21
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/54281