Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

Muscle-strengthening exercise and depressive symptom severity among a nationally representative sample of 23,635 german adults

Title data

Bennie, Jason A. ; Teychenne, Megan ; Tittlbach, Susanne:
Muscle-strengthening exercise and depressive symptom severity among a nationally representative sample of 23,635 german adults.
In: Journal of Affective Disorders. Vol. 266 (1 April 2020) . - pp. 282-287.
ISSN 0165-0327
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.172

Project information

Project financing: Andere

Abstract in another language

Background: There is strong epidemiological evidence that physical activity is associated with lower likelihood of depression. Yet, most existing large population
studies have investigated aerobic physical activity (e.g. walking/running), with few epidemiological studies examining the association between muscle-strengthening
exercise (MSE; push ups, using weight machines) with depression. The aim of this study is to examine associations between MSE and depressive symptoms among a
representative sample of German adults.
Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on the 2014 German Health Update. Validated questionnaires were used to assess MSE and depression symptom
severity (eight-item Personal Health Questionnaire Depression Scale). Generalized linear models with Poisson regression with a robust error variance were used to
assess prevalence ratios of depression symptom severity (mild, moderate, moderately severe/severe) across weekly MSE frequency (None [reference]; 1, 2, 3–4 and
≥5), adjusting for potential cofounders (e.g. age, sex, socioeconomic status, self-rated health, smoking, hazardous alcohol consumption, aerobic exercise).
Results: Data were available on 23,635 adults (≥18 years). When compared with those reporting no MSE, for all levels of depressive symptom severity, there were
reduced prevalence ratios across all MSE frequencies. Compared to the higher MSE frequency groups (3-≥5 times/week), the prevalence ratios (range: 0.53–0.85)
were similar among lower frequency groups (1–2 times/week) (range: 0.46–0.85). All associations remained after adjustment for sociodemographic, lifestyle
characteristics and aerobic physical activity.
Limitations: Findings may be biased by the self-reporting of MSE and depressive symptom severity.
Conclusion: Any increase in MSE at the population-level may be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of depression

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: mental health; strength training; resistance exercise; depression; physical activity
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Department of Sport Science > Chair Sport Science III - Social and Health Sciences in Sport > Chair Sport Science III - Social and Health Sciences in Sport - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Susanne Tittlbach
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 12:21
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 12:21
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/54283