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Phase equilibrium diagram for EAF slag optimization in high alloyed Chromium stainless steelmaking

Title data

Kirschen, Marcus ; Jung, In-Ho ; Hackl, Gernot:
Phase equilibrium diagram for EAF slag optimization in high alloyed Chromium stainless steelmaking.
In: Metals. Vol. 10 (20 June 2020) Issue 6 . - No. 826.
ISSN 2075-4701
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/met10060826

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

The EAF process for steelmaking of Cr and Ni high alloyed stainless steel grades differs significantly from the steelmaking process of carbon steel due to special raw materials and generally lower oxygen consumption. The special slag chemistry in EAF process affects slag foaming and refractory wear characteristics due to an increased content of CrOx. A special slag diagram is presented in order to improve monitoring and control of slag compositions for Cr alloyed heats, with special focus on saturation to MgO periclase and dicalcium silicate C2S in order to minimize MgO losses from the refractory lining and to improve slag refining capability by avoidance of stabile C2S. With the same diagram different EAF process strategies can be efficiently monitored, either at elevated CaO and basicity with lower spinel concentration and more liquid process slags near C2S saturation or at lower CaO content and basicity with increased spinel concentration and stiffer slags at MgO saturation but certainly no C2S stability. Examples for three industrial EAFs are given.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4701/10/6/826/review_report
Keywords: Electric arc furnace; Stainless steel making; Slag modelling; Phase diagram
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Thermal Process Technology
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Thermal Process Technology > Chair Thermal Process Technology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Marcus Tobias Kirschen
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes > Fraunhofer Center for High Temperature Materials and Design (HTL)
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2020 06:52
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2020 06:52
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/56837