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EU Regulation of New Plant Breeding Technologies and their Possible Economic Implications for the EU and Beyond

Title data

Wesseler, Justus H. H. ; Purnhagen, Kai P.:
EU Regulation of New Plant Breeding Technologies and their Possible Economic Implications for the EU and Beyond.
Kulmbach , 2020 . - 24 p. - (Campus Kulmbach Legal Working Papers ; 1 )
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005176

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Andere

Abstract in another language

New plant breeding technologies (NPBTs), including CRISPR gene editing, are being used widely, and they are driving the development of new crops. They are nevertheless a subject of criticism and discussion. According to a summer 2018 interpretation by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Union (EU) law makes most NPBTS subject to regulations governing the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the EU. The implications of this decision have been widely discussed in the literature, thereby stressing the importance of the decision for plant breeding and international trade within and beyond the EU.
This contribution summarizes the status of the debate and highlights issues that have thus far not been considered—particularly with regard to the implications of EU regulations for NPBTs for countries outside the EU.
We conclude that the practical implications of the CJEU decision reduce the EU’s comparative advantage and increase the cost of achieving the objectives of the European Green Deal. Our findings reveal an almost complete lack of possibilities for changing the current situation. China and countries oriented towards China are the most likely economic beneficiaries of the current situation.

Further data

Item Type: Working paper, discussion paper
Keywords: Gene Editing; Investment; Plant Breeding; Real Options; Regulation; European Union
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences: Food, Nutrition and Health > Chair Food Law
Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences: Food, Nutrition and Health > Chair Food Law > Chair Food Law - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kai Purnhagen
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Innovation and Consumer Protection
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Governance and Responsibility
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences: Food, Nutrition and Health
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 340 Law
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2020 22:00
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 07:30
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/60577