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What might be the energy demand and energy mix to reconcile the world’s pursuit of welfare and happiness with the necessity to preserve the integrity of the biosphere?

Title data

Jess, Andreas:
What might be the energy demand and energy mix to reconcile the world’s pursuit of welfare and happiness with the necessity to preserve the integrity of the biosphere?
In: Energy Policy. Vol. 38 (2010) Issue 8 . - pp. 4663-4678.
ISSN 0301-4215
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.04.026

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

In today’s global energy mix with a share of 80% fossil energy, the growth of the world population and energy demand will lead to a conflict between stable ecosystems and global welfare. The inspection of social indexes of welfare and happiness leads to the following energy plan: high-income countries with a current annual energy demand of up to 8 tonnes of oil equivalent per capita (toe pc) have to reduce their demand to 2 toe pc, which should be sufficient without cutback in welfare. Vice versa, low-income countries increase their demand until 2 toe pc are reached. Compared to today this scenario (2 toe pc, 9 billion people by 2050) leads to an increase of the ecological footprint from today 1.3 to 2 planet Earths in today’s technologies. The only solution to provide 2 toe pc without damaging the biosphere is a reduction of the CO2 footprint with a current share of 50%. A complete shift from fossil fuels to renewables would half the ecological footprint as needed for the desired footprint of one planet Earth. To reach this goal, one or more forms of solar power and/or nuclear power are needed, as the potential of non-solar renewables is too small.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Energy Mix; Welfare ; Ecological Footprint
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Chemical Engineering
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Chemical Engineering > Chair Chemical Engineering - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Andreas Jess
Research Institutions > Research Units > ZET - Zentrum für Energietechnik
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Units
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 600 Technology
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 660 Chemical engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2015 09:48
Last Modified: 17 May 2017 07:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/6138