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Tackling xEV Battery Chemistry in View of Raw Material Supply Shortfalls

Title data

Karabelli, Duygu ; Kiemel, Steffen ; Singh, Soumya ; Koller, Jan ; Ehrenberger, Simone ; Miehe, Robert ; Weeber, Max ; Birke, Kai Peter:
Tackling xEV Battery Chemistry in View of Raw Material Supply Shortfalls.
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA; Institute of Vehicle Concepts, German Aerospace Center (DLR); Institute for Photovoltaics, University of Stuttgart
In: Frontiers in Energy Research. Vol. 8 (November 2020) . - No. 594857.
ISSN 2296-598X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2020.594857

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Untersuchung - Kreislaufstrategien für Batteriesysteme in Baden-Württemberg017-100035|B7.R|

Project financing: Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector Baden- Württemberg

Abstract in another language

The growing number of Electric Vehicles poses a serious challenge at the end-of-life for battery manufacturers and recyclers. Manufacturers need access to strategic or critical materials for the production of a battery system. Recycling of end-of-life electric vehicle batteries may ensure a constant supply of critical materials, thereby closing the material cycle in the context of a circular economy. However, the resource-use per cell and thus its chemistry is constantly changing, due to supply disruption or sharply rising costs of certain raw materials along with higher performance expectations from electric vehicle-batteries. It is vital to further explore the nickel-rich cathodes, as they promise to overcome the resource and cost problems. With this study, we aim to analyze the expected development of dominant cell chemistries of Lithium-Ion Batteries until 2030, followed by an analysis of the raw materials availability. This is accomplished with the help of research studies and additional experts’ survey which defines the scenarios to estimate the battery chemistry evolution and the effect it has on a circular economy. In our results, we will discuss the annual demand for global e-mobility by 2030 and the impact of Nickel-Manganese-Cobalt based cathode chemistries on a sustainable economy. Estimations beyond 2030 are subject to high uncertainty due to the potential market penetration of innovative technologies that are currently under research (e.g. solid-state Lithium-Ion and/or sodium-based batteries).

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: xEV; Li-ion batteries; NMC chemistry; Raw materials; Circular economy; End-of-life; Recycling
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Technology > Chair Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Technology - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Frank Döpper
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 670 Manufacturing
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 680 Manufacture for specific uses
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 07:28
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 07:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/63241