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Sodium-Based Batteries : In Search of the Best Compromise Between Sustainability and Maximization of Electric Performance

Title data

Karabelli, Duygu ; Singh, Soumya ; Kiemel, Steffen ; Koller, Jan ; Konarov, Aishuak ; Stubhan, Frank ; Miehe, Robert ; Weeber, Max ; Bakenov, Zhumabay ; Birke, Kai Peter:
Sodium-Based Batteries : In Search of the Best Compromise Between Sustainability and Maximization of Electric Performance.
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA; Department Chemical and Materials Engineering, School of Engineering and Digital Sciences, Nazarbayev University; ACI-Systems GmbH; Chair for Electrical Energy Storage Systems, Institute for Photovoltaics, University of Stuttgart
In: Frontiers in Energy Research. Vol. 8 (December 2020) . - No. 605129.
ISSN 2296-598X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2020.605129

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
DigiBattPro 4.0 BWNo information

Project financing: Ministry of Economic Affairs, Labor and Housing Baden-Württemberg

Abstract in another language

Till 2020 the predominant key success factors of battery development have been overwhelmingly energy density, power density, lifetime, safety, and costs per kWh. That is why there is a high expectation on energy storage systems such as lithium-air (Li-O2) andlithiumsulfur (Li-S) systems, especially for mobile applications. These systems have high theoretical specific energy densities compared to conventional Li-ion systems. If the challenges such as practical implementation, low energy efficiency, and cycle life are handled, these systems could provide an interesting energy source for EVs. However, various raw materials are increasingly under critical discussion. Though only 3 wt% ofmetallic lithium is present in a modern Li-ion cell, absolute high amounts of lithium demand will rise due to the fast-growing market for traction and stationary batteries. Moreover, many lithium sources are not available without compromising environmental aspects. Therefore, there is a growing focus on alternative technologies such as Na-ion and Zn-ion batteries. On a view of Na-ion batteries, especially the combination with carbons derived from food waste as negative electrodes may generate a promising overall cost structure, though energy densities are not as favorable as for Li-ion batteries.Within the scope of this work, the future potential of sodium-based batteries will be discussed in viewof sustainability and abundance vs. maximization of electric performance. The major directions of cathode materials development are reviewed and the tendency towards designing high-performance systems is discussed. This paper provides an outlook on the potential of sodium-based batteries in the future battery market of mobile and stationary applications.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Sodium battery chemistries; X electric vehicle; stationary batteries; Na-ion batteries; Post-Li-ion technologies; Raw materials; Battery cost
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Technology > Chair Manufacturing and Remanufacturing Technology - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Frank Döpper
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 670 Manufacturing
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 680 Manufacture for specific uses
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 10:20
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 10:20
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/63292