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From properties to toxicity : comparing microplastics to other airborne microparticles

Title data

Wieland, Simon ; Balmes, Aylin ; Bender, Julian ; Kitzinger, Jonas ; Meyer, Felix ; Ramsperger, Anja ; Roeder, Franz ; Tengelmann, Caroline ; Wimmer, Benedik H. ; Laforsch, Christian ; Kress, Holger:
From properties to toxicity : comparing microplastics to other airborne microparticles.
In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 428 (2022) . - 128151.
ISSN 0304-3894
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.128151

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
SFB 1357 Mikroplastik391977956
PlasticFatE965367
BayÖkotoxNo information
BMBF03Z22HN22
EFREZS/2016/04/78115
Intrinsically Disordered Proteins – Molecular Principles, Cellular Functions, and Diseases391498659, RTG 2467

Project financing: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Europäische Strukturfonds
Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes
Andere
Bayrische Elite Netzwerk (BayEFG)
Bayerisches Landesmat für Umwelt

Abstract in another language

Microplastic (MP) debris is considered as a potentially hazardous material. It is omnipresent in our environment, and evidence that MP is also abundant in the atmosphere is increasing. Consequently, the inhalation of these particles is a significant exposure route to humans. Concerns about potential effects of airborne MP on human health are rising. However, currently, there are not enough studies on the putative toxicity of airborne MP to adequately assess its impact on human health. Therefore, we examined potential drivers of airborne MP toxicity. Physicochemical properties like size, shape, ζ-potential, adsorbed molecules and pathogens, and the MP’s bio-persistence have been proposed as possible drivers of MP toxicity. Since their role in MP toxicity is largely unknown, we reviewed the literature on toxicologically well-studied non-plastic airborne microparticles (asbestos, silica, soot, wood, cotton, hay). We aimed to link the observed health effects and toxicology of these microparticles to the abovementioned properties. By comparing this information with studies on the effects of airborne MP, we analyzed possible mechanisms of airborne MP toxicity. Thus, we provide a basis for a mechanistic understanding of airborne MP toxicity. This may enable the assessment of risks associated with airborne MP pollution, facilitating effective policymaking and product design.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: C. Laforsch and H. Kress are joint corresponding authors
Keywords: Microparticle inhalation; airborne microplastics; nanoplastics; human toxicology; microplastics toxicity; environmental hazards
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Professor Experimental Physics VI - Biologial Physics > Professor Experimental Physics VI - Biologial Physics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Holger Kreß
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology I > Chair Animal Ecology I - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christian Laforsch
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit > SFB 1357 - MIKROPLASTIK
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics > Professor Experimental Physics VI - Biologial Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology I
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Collaborative Research Centers, Research Unit
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2022 07:54
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2022 13:25
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/68284