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Lupin causes maize to increase organic acid exudation and phosphorus concentration in intercropping

Title data

Schwerdtner, Ulrike ; Lacher, Ulrike ; Spohn, Marie:
Lupin causes maize to increase organic acid exudation and phosphorus concentration in intercropping.
In: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment. Vol. 1 (2022) Issue 3 . - pp. 191-202.
ISSN 2767-035X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/sae2.12026

Abstract in another language

Abstract Purpose There is a need to develop agricultural practices that mobilize sparingly soluble soil phosphorus (P) due to increasing scarcity of P fertilizer. Interactions of different plant species in the rhizosphere might increase P mobilization, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. Methods We conducted a pilot study with four plant species (maize, soy, lupin, mustard) grown alone and in combination with maize (intercropping) to investigate how species interact to mobilize P from iron phosphate (FePO4). Root exudates of individual plants were collected and analyzed for low molecular weight organic acid anions (LMWOA) and pH. Results Maize increased its exudation of LMWOA and its biomass P concentration in intercropping, especially when grown together with lupin. This is the first study to show unequivocally that a high LMWOA concentration in the rhizosphere in intercropping is not only caused by high LMWOA release of the companion but also by an increased LMWOA exudation of the main crop. The high release of LMWOA was associated with a higher maize P concentration, indicating that enhanced LMWOA release in intercropping is beneficial for P acquisition of maize. Moreover, lupin and mustard mobilized more P from FePO4 than maize and soy likely through high LMWOA exudation (lupin) and rhizosphere alkalinization (mustard). Conclusion Taken together, we reveal that intercropping with lupin increases the release of LMWOA by maize and concurrently the maize P concentration, suggesting that intercropping is useful for the mobilization of P from FePO4 because it affects the exudation of maize.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Iintercropping; Iron phosphate; Organic acid anions; pH; Phosphorus mobilization
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Junior Professor Agroecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Junior Professor Agroecology > Junior Professor Agroecology - Juniorprof. Dr. Johanna Pausch
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2022 06:40
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 06:40
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/72437